Non-Human Primates in Medical Research

Animals continue to be extensively used as research specimen in almost every major medical breakthrough. Utility of animals in medical research has been widely acknowledged. A wide variety of animal species are used for research that range from fruit flies to non-human primates. Research using non-human primates is required for testing drugs, clinical trials, neurology studies, evolution, genetics, behavioral aspects, reproductive biology, cognitive science and even in Xenotransplantation. An estimated 65,000 non-human primates are used annually for research purpose in UK and USA alone.

Use of non-human primates is significant as their brains share structural and functional similarity with the human brain. Most commonly used non-human primates for research purpose include apes, gorilla, chimpanzee, macaques, marmosets, baboons and orangutans. However, the use of non-human primates has always been controversial as it is related with ethical issues.

As per the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights, human interests are protected by the law as they are considered legal persons. Non-human primates do not enjoy any such privilege. However, this status has always been a continuous topic of debate. Considering research on primates as unethical, various countries including Australia, Sweden, New Zealand and Netherlands have prohibited doing any kind of experimental using great apes, a biological family that comprises of gorillas, chimpanzees, bonobos, orangutans and humans. Considering the fact that animals do have a similar sense of pain and trauma as like humans, several organizations, animal rights groups, philanthropists, animal lovers, researchers, philosophers and primatologists are advocating for a world wide prohibition over the use of primates in research.

Bowtrol Colon Cleanse

Bowtrol is an all-natural, non-habit forming colon cleansing treatment that cleans the vital organs and the lymphatic system. Bowtrol’s action is mild and safe. Internal cleansing takes place by stimulating elimination minus the usual pangs and cramps that are characteristic of most cleansers.

One of the most interesting features of Bowtrol is that unlike other cleansers, it is not made up of fiber. Instead, it contains a number of all-natural herbal ingredients like Turkey Rhubarb and Cascara Sagrada that promote better elimination.

Some of the benefits of using Bowtrol colon cleanse are:

– Improved digestion

– Decongests the intestinal tract by flushing out accumulated toxins and eliminating parasites

– Less constipation, indigestion, gas and bloating

– Improved energy levels through better absorption of nutrients

– Aids weight loss

Some of the most common symptoms of ill health due to improper internal purification are constipation, lack of sleep, inertia, exhaustion, indigestion, uncontrolled food cravings, caffeine and drug dependence. Many of the common ailments people suffer from, including but not limited to food allergies, flu, body pain, headaches, respiratory problems and sinuses have their root in improper elimination.

In order to prevent the above conditions, it is necessary to undergo a thorough internal cleansing from time to time. While choosing a product, particular care must be taken. You must select a product that helps you eliminate without any nasty cramps. Eliminations should be regular but non-interfering, meaning that the product should induce only 1-3 eliminations per day. More than that and it begins to interfere with your life and health.

If you have used other colon cleansing products, you’ll be happy to note that Bowtrol colon cleanse is quite different from the rest. For starters, it is non habit forming, which makes it safe for long-term use for the entire family.

Another big plus is that there are absolutely no reports of side effects associated with Bowtrol. No headaches or cramps. All you have to do is identify the number of pills you need to eat (varies between 3-8) in order to have healthy elimination.

Quick Facts on HIPPA Violations

HIPPA is an abbreviation of Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act and was introduced by the congress in 1996. This rule assures that a person is given good and quality health coverage even amid jobs. As soon as a person quits a job, he looses the insurance cover completely and the new assurance company considers illness if any as pre-existing and gives a very low coverage or nothing, prior this law. For instance, consider a person who suffers from diabetes and is under medication, the new company will consider this as pre-existing and will not pay for medicines.

The main goal of HIPPA law is to make health care simpler and maintain the security of patient’s medical information. If you feel that your health care provider has breached privacy, you can certainly take it legal provided all are in records and it can be reported to the state insurance commissioner.

There are different circumstances under which the law is infringed. The health care provider or the insurance company might violate HIPPA without even knowing what it is. At times there could be a valid reason for going against the same and not due to negligence. HIPPA violation due to unruly slackness, but corrected within a period of time receives a high penalty and willful negligence not at all corrected and repeated often is given the maximum sentence. Whatever it is when there is a breach of any kind that comes under this act; record all conversation.

A case can also be filed under criminal penalty if the health care provider or the insurance company discloses your personal health information knowingly for money. Selling it to a third party for any reason or for personal gains which can cause harm is offensive. They face a fine of up to $50,000 and detention for a year, but however no private cause of action is taken against the person who disobeyed.

Getting Our Priorities in Order

He had bought one of those high-priced, high-performance European models – it was sleek and sexy – he loved it.

And boy did he take care of it.

– he washed the outside.

– he vacuumed the insides.

– he serviced it regularly;

– changed the air filter to assist in breathing.

– changed the oil filter.

– used nothing but top grade oil.

– filled it up at the pumps with high octane fuel.

He checked all the little things;

– air pressure to reduce rolling friction

– lubrication of all moving parts

– levels of all fluids – including the windshield washer fluid – he
really wanted to see where he was going at all times.

He was very proud of this, his most prized possession.

He knew he had a winner – especially when he received all those
envious glances while driving through the check-out lane at the
fast-food outlet.

She, had bought a cute, cuddly little designer dog – one that
would fit into the ultra modern apartment complex she had purchased.

Nothing was too good for it –

– it had it’s own bed, it’s own blankets – but it still slept in her bed.

– she groomed, clipped and pampered her pet.

– it ate only the best and choicest of dog foods.

It was;

– vaccinated,

– de-wormed,

– de-fleaed,

– de-ticked

– and if there wasn’t enough for weekly groceries, it wasn’t the dog
that went short.

And all her friends commented on how smart the pet was.

Yes, it’s sad but true – we take better care of ‘things’ than we do
ourselves.

Can You Mix Inalienable Rights With the Business of Medicine?

Actually, we think our work is done, simply by asking the question. Thomas Jefferson tossed the wrench into the process by suggesting in the Declaration of Independence that Americans should have inalienable rights including life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.

Setting liberty and the pursuit of happiness aside, for now, generally, we divide rights into those which are natural versus legal. Clearly, we have some rights simply because they are allowed and supported by our highly malleable laws and legal system. Other rights are considered essentially independent of law, current acceptable social manner, contemporary political correctness, and leanings of the present government. These rights are seen as expected or natural. And, that which is natural or universal comes to be seen as inalienable.

Rights define our senses of behavioral freedom and sense of entitlement. They circumscribe our expectations of our behavior, that of others, and that expected of corporate entities which are often referred to as if sentient. In our civilization, a body of people of shared civil manners and rights are the bricks and mortar forming the infrastructure of morality, law, and governance we share.

From this point, you work backward. Considering government to be the arbiter, the issues pertinent to unalienable rights are then based upon the society’s decisions defining our morality. Morality is an essential element because inalienable rights generally address the “good,” by necessity defining the bad, right, wrong, and so on. Of course, different religious/spiritual groups, Atheists, legalism and the undecided regarding a source of ultimate moral authority never all agree on the “good”. Even inalienable rights are always a socially dynamic issue, including the definitions and rights pertaining to “life”.

If in the U.S. there is such an entity as an inalienable right to life, then such encompasses the inalienable right to that which keeps you alive. That is, you cannot live without attending to the needs for food, water and all that which protects you from, or is applied in response to the adverse effects of living in our world (AAOL). We do not all have access to ideal food and water, but we shall also be put that aside for now. However, what is society’s responsibility to address the AAOL on people’s well-being? If the effects of AAOL are physical and mental illness, injury, disease, and disability, then it would appear that comprehensive medical care for our citizens is the appropriate response to addressing this inalienable right.

Presume that everyone both empowered and relevant to considering the above arguments drew comparable conclusions. In that case, they would agree that every citizen should have access to comparable medical care. The challenges then become 1) access as primarily defined by the distribution of care facilities, appropriate service providers, and products, and 2) management of quality and cost of products/services delivery.

The cost of all contemporary medical products, services, and related insurance rises much faster, year over year than personal incomes and net revenue growth of the average business. So, most Americans and their employers are not prepared to handle the costs of medical care purchase directly or via insurance. Issues of access and distribution aside, government intervention to address medical care as an inalienable right then means either 1) marked cost capping and controlling consumer fees, 2) subsidizing patient payments, or 3) a combination. Capping and controlling costs would cause an evolution in the business of medicine. All participants (pharmaceutical companies, medical instruments and soft goods manufacturers, sales/distribution organizations, clinicians, insurers, IT services and others) in the industry would need to reconsider their margins, as well as their ability and willingness to remain in the medical industry. However, our government needs to control the sometimes markedly excessive and inflationary medical billing practices. Capping and controlling costs should ideally be tackled first, addressing runaway fees associated with hospital services, pharmaceutical products, surgical procedures, medical hardware, other medical technologies and insurance coverage. All components of the medical system will resist capping and controlling fee schedules.

Providing patient fee subsidies will always be fraught with inflationary excesses, deductibles and patient portions of bills would need to be eliminated. Even nominal point of service charges could always be a challenge unless the net annual out of pocket personal expenditures do not exceed the price of a visit to a fast food venue eliminate them. Otherwise, the middle and lower economic strata and their [potential] employers would continue to be obliged to choose between eating, acquisition of other necessities, employment and offering benefits. Additionally, service providers should not be allowed to bill in excess of fee schedules, writing off the excesses as tax deductions.

There are many products and services people should not expect to purchase if they have not financially successful in life to the extent of their more affluent neighbors. As such, nobody would suggest that all have the inalienable right to own a brand new luxury automobile, yacht or personal jet. However, if as a society we state that life, including full, high-quality medical care is an inalienable right of American citizens, then we should deliver it, without burdening others. But, there is “no free lunch” even regarding medical care. So what does “full, high-quality medical care for all citizens, without burdening others” actually mean? It may need to be defined in two ways: 1) products and services price caps, and 2) society attitude adjustment.

Regarding society attitude adjustment, as an example, we already provide military services to protect the entire nation without attempting to provide some stratified, sliding scale, itemized bill to each citizen. Medical services could be addressed in a similar manner. If medical businesses were all conscripted, essentially indefinitely subcontracted, to deliver care in a uniform manner (e.g., blend of active military care and preferred provider organization models), with a central payer and QA provider, maybe we could do it.

However, unlike changes in health measures, per capita, government spending on healthcare is a poor indicator of the effectiveness of U.S. medical care. Neither is ACA enrollment a measure of care delivery or effective care (e.g., see if holding a season ticket is a measure of NFL game attendance this year). Throwing taxpayer money at a series of poorly cobbled strategies is not an effective national medical care solution. Inalienable right or not, we cannot deliver broad-based high-quality medical care to all citizens via current medical business models.

Healthcare Scenario of Bangalore

HEALTH SERVICES

The health-care scenario in Bengaluru city is a mix of plenty and scarcity. A number of government bodies and schemes provide health services. In infrastructure terms, if all primary health facilities maintained by different government bodies were combined, there are likely to be enough centers to 2 Health care in Bengaluru city – need for a participatory, comprehensive health plan meet the primary care needs of the population. The city is also host to autonomous institutions with high caliber medical professionals, such as National Institute of Mental Health and Neuroscience (NIMHANS) and the Jayadeva Institute of Cardiology. Further, like in other urban areas, a huge private sector caters to the health needs of the population.

Bengaluru is a hub for medical tourism, with super-specialty hospitals boasting state-of-the-art treatment facilities. On the other hand, the communities that particularly need public health services, such as the urban poor and working classes, are unable to access them due to the shortage of medical staff, lack of medicines and diagnostic services, high levels of corruption and the low sensitivity towards their needs. They end up using the private sector, which is an expensive option, or postpone essential health care – an even more expensive option for which the individual, family and society pay a price. There have been cases of women delivering babies at home or in auto-rickshaws as they were turned away at Maternity Homes and did not have time to reach a secondary or tertiary institution, or the resources to get there. Tertiary care is expensive even in government hospitals due to bed charges, medicines and other expenses. The result is high levels of indebtedness and health indicators among the urban poor that are almost as bad as the rural poor.

Government hospitals have a few advantages over private hospitals, which make them better and efficient for patients. This includes their facilities are affordable in cost, which is an advantage for the masses, who cannot afford expensive treatments. Best doctors are majorly found in the southern part of India. Bengaluru has a few government hospitals that make them stand out in other private ones.

In order to make health care available to the weaker sections of society Bengaluru is dotted with numerous government hospitals. Most of the government hospitals in Bengaluru are run and managed by the municipal corporation of the city. The government hospitals in Bengaluru are usually multi-specialty hospitals

Medical Ethics – Not A Dying Subject

As morals in medicine are on the verge of decline, it is all the more important to uphold medical ethics in all circumstances. Health care and education are recognized as the basic elements to ensure the survival of society into future generations. If their principles are not built on strong foundations to withstand the constant erosion of values, it is likened to the foolish man who built his house on sand and was washed away by the floods.

Solid principles in delivering health care services revolve around its code of ethics. Challenges may arise in the form of misuse or abuse of medications, procedures, treatments and other forms related to the field. Staff may be harassed or enticed to look the other way. Banking on the assumption of non involvement translating to innocence, the fact remains that knowledge without action is equivalent to condoning the act.

The role of medical ethics within its world of practice and study deserves due recognition. As such, morals in medicine should be a subject consistently extolled in the corridors and halls, drummed into the minds of health care practitioners of all status and levels. It is not sufficient for the general to be the only party aware of the enemy’s presence. The troops also need to be equipped to do battle.

As the world is a melting pot of cultures and religions, there is a need to understand the various styles of living so as not to overstep one’s boundaries and cause a misunderstanding. A practice of medical service which may be acceptable to a people group may be taboo to another. Some religions do not adhere to blood transfusions. More radical ones may choose to not seek treatment as they believe in healing via means other than the hands of man. Hence, one needs to be sensitive in dealing with such situations as medical ethics dictates the saving of lives.

Considerations to Make in Choosing a Chiropractor

Truth is, looking for a chiropractor can be somehow difficult given that a general of them are involved in some kind of unscientific practices. So in order to save your time and effort, start the process of looking for one through phone calls. Talk to the chiropractor and explore his or her attitude.

As much as possible, do not go with chiropractor whose practice is merely limited into the conservative method of the treatment. Also, you can seek the help of your personal medical doctor. Ask about names of reputed chiropractors who your personal doctor thinks to be trustworthy.

Membership to the renowned National Association for Chiropractic Medicine is a positive sign to look for. But given that the number of people who belong to this kind of organization is very small, it may be hard for you to look for them.

Go for science-based chiropractors since they can do the job of manually stretching the tight muscles and joints while at the same time using ultrasound treatment, heat or ice packs, and various other modalities that are employed by physical therapists. Also, they may ask their patience to perform home exercise program. With all of these, an improvement is expected to be seen only after a few days from the first treatment with science-based chiropractors.

These are some of the positive signs that will tell you if the chiropractor who you are asking for help is indeed reliable. You need to do your own homework to be able to rule out the best from the least.

How to Use Aloe Vera As a Natural Vaccination

The best guarantee is a product that is 100% natural and guarantees this by means of the manufacturer. Asking whether the aloe Vera product is in its purest undiluted form and is it made from the highest grade of aloe vera. After all there are over 240 different plants.

All sorts of ailments have been treated by the aloe plant. Digestive tract disorder, ulcers and even disorders involving the cardiovascular system. Skin care is the most common reason this miracle plant is sought after.

Some individuals are emphatic in stating that the best way to consume aloe Vera is in the liquid form as it gets absorbed faster and it is easier. Yet, not all aloe liquids contain 100% pure working extract. Almost all aloe liquid contain added ingredients such as water, salt, flavors and preservatives, all to extend the shelf life of the product.

Perhaps you are thinking that creams containing the miracle plant is the best way to nourish the skin. After all, you apply it directly to the skin and it gets absorbed by the skin. True to an extent. Creams and lotions are meant to penetrate the epidermis and should nourish the skin. Unfortunately the skin does not absorb it quite as well. And so you continue to search for that 100% effective aloe product that promises to do what it was created to do. And if you are a savvy consumer, you are aware there are 100s of products that claim to have aloe Vera tucked away into their cream, lotion and even toothpaste.

An Appreciation For Ernest Schweninger, Pathologist Transformed to Nature Cure

One of the most treasured circumstances for an alternative health care doctor is to find a story of transformation from a medical trained doctor to natural health systems. Ernest Schweninger (1850-1924) is an example.

Schweninger began medical studies at 16 years old and became a physician. He gained extensive experience in surgery at military hospitals during the Franco-Prussian war of 1870-71. He began his practice in pathology and saw the failures of surgeries and drug medicine. He became convinced that any cure was dependent on the healing power of nature. His interest in medical history led him to Hippocrates, Paracelsus, and Hufeland. He arrived at his system of nature cure through his evaluation of the process of disease and cure.

The system that Schweninger developed included:
o Elimination of medical drugs
o No disease diagnosis
o No internal investigations to search for disease
o Increased fluid intake
o Vigorous exercise
o Sweat producing baths
o Sun Baths
o Small frequent meals
o Separation of solid and liquid food
o Increasing arterial blood pressure through a stay at a high altitude spa

Schweninger’s most famous cure was German Chancellor Otto Von Bismark. He was seriously sick. The overworked and overfed 250 lb Bismark was exhausted and paralyzed from a painful liver disease. The famous medical doctor Professor Frerichs diagnosed Bismark with stomach and liver cancer and announced that he might live one year.

Schweninger was called in and immediately restricted Bismarck’s food portions and limited his intake of liquids, especially wines and champagnes, and did away with pain-killers and narcotics. He substituted hot compresses, gentle massage, rest and exercises. The result was that Bismark lived 16 more years with Schweninger as his only medical advisor.

The success Schweninger had with Bismark was taken as an insult to the medical field that did their best to keep Schweninger from the University staff after his appointment by Bismark. He went on to build a hospital that delivered natural health with access to open air, gardens, air baths and a gymnasium. The hospital created an atmosphere where people could heal themselves with natural cure methods.

Schweninger’s last work The Physician was a powerful indictment of the physician as a soulless specialist who has lost sight of his true mission. He believed “a good physician could do more good with a damp cloth than a poor one can with an entire pharmacy.”